Causes and Treatment for Hammertoe
Hammertoe is a foot condition that is easy to notice. It affects the middle joints in the toes, and it causes them to rise up. Hammertoe is considered to be a deformity, and it may affect balance in the body. This muscle imbalance can cause pain while walking, and corns and calluses may form from the top of the toes rubbing against the shoe. There may be existing conditions that can cause hammertoe to develop. These can consist of bunions, flat feet, and diabetes. Additionally, the toes provide balance to the body, and the feet may work harder to maintain this in patients who have longer bones in their toes. Treatment can begin by wearing shoes that fit correctly and performing specific types of toe stretches. Wearing a cushioned pad on top of the affected toes may bring temporary relief. If you have hammertoe, it is suggested that you consult with a podiatrist who can provide permanent relief options, which may include surgery to straighten them.
Hammertoes can be a painful condition to live with. For more information, contact one of our podiatrists from InStride Family Foot Care. Our doctors will answer any of your foot- and ankle-related questions.
Hammertoe is a foot deformity that affects the joints of the second, third, fourth, or fifth toes of your feet. It is a painful foot condition in which these toes curl and arch up, which can often lead to pain when wearing footwear.
- Pain in the affected toes
- Development of corns or calluses due to friction
- Contracture of the toes
Genetics – People who are genetically predisposed to hammertoe are often more susceptible
Arthritis – Because arthritis affects the joints in your toes, further deformities stemming from arthritis can occur
Trauma – Direct trauma to the toes could potentially lead to hammertoe
Ill-fitting shoes – Undue pressure on the front of the toes from ill-fitting shoes can potentially lead to the development of hammertoe
Orthotics – Custom made inserts can be used to help relieve pressure placed on the toes and therefore relieve some of the pain associated with it
Medications – Oral medications such as anti-inflammatories or NSAIDs could be used to treat the pain and inflammation hammertoes causes. Injections of corticosteroids are also sometimes used
Surgery – In more severe cases where the hammertoes have become more rigid, foot surgery is a potential option